Experience

Experience
   1) Subjective and Objective Knowledge
   Any kind of experience-accidental impressions, observations, and even "inner experience" not induced by stimuli received from the environment-may initiate cognitive processes leading to changes in a person's knowledge. Thus, new knowledge can be acquired without new information being received. (That this statement refers to subjective knowledge goes without saying; but there is no such thing as objective knowledge that was not previously somebody's subjective knowledge. (Machlup & Mansfield, 1983, p. 644)
   2) We Have an Untenable Concept of the Nature of Experience
   Our faith in experience is far from well grounded, because we have an untenable concept of the nature of experience, one that assumes truth is manifest, and does not have to be inferred. (Brehmer, 1986, p. 715)
   3) Without Experience, Nothing Can Be Sufficiently Known
   I now wish to unfold the principles of experimental science, since without experience nothing can be sufficiently known. For there are two modes of acquiring knowledge, namely by reasoning and experience. Reasoning draws a conclusion and makes us grant the conclusion, but does not make the conclusion certain, nor does it remove doubt so that the mind may rest on the intuition of truth, unless the mind discovers it by the path of experience. . . . Aristotle's statement then that proof is reasoning that causes us to know is to be understood with the proviso that the proof is accompanied by its appropriate experience, and is not to be understood of the bare proof. . . . He therefore who wishes to rejoice without doubt in regard to the truths underlying phenomena must know how to devote himself to experiment. (Bacon, 1928, Pt. VI, Chap. 1)

Historical dictionary of quotations in cognitive science. . 2015.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать курсовую
Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • EXPÉRIENCE — On peut situer principalement la notion d’expérience à l’intersection de trois domaines: la philosophie de l’esprit, la philosophie de la connaissance et la philosophie des sciences. On appelle d’abord «expériences» les états mentaux qui, comme… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • experience — ex‧pe‧ri‧ence [ɪkˈspɪəriəns ǁ ˈspɪr ] noun [uncountable] 1. knowledge or skill gained from doing a particular job: • He is a high up executive who has years of experience in advising investors • Applicants will normally have at least two years… …   Financial and business terms

  • experience — Experience, Experimentum, Documentum, Res, Experientia. Experience et sçavoir, Gnaritas. Experience apporte tousjours quelque chose de nouveau, Res semper aliquid apportat noui. Avoir experience d une chose par soymesme, Ex se agnoscere. Ayant… …   Thresor de la langue françoyse

  • experience — EXPERIENCE. s. f. Espreuve qu on fait de quelque chose, soit à dessein, soit par hazard. Grande, curieuse, frequente experience. nouvelle experience. l experience est la maistresse des arts. je sçay cela par experience. j en ay fait l experience …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • Experience — Ex*pe ri*ence ([e^]ks*p[=e] r[i^]*ens), n. [F. exp[ e]rience, L. experientia, tr. experiens, experientis, p. pr. of experiri, expertus, to try; ex out + the root of peritus experienced. See {Peril}, and cf. {Expert}.] 1. Trial, as a test or… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • experience — vb Experience, undergo, sustain, suffer are comparable when they mean to pass through the process of actually coming to know or to feel. Experience means little more than this. It implies that something (as a sensation, an emotion, or an… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • Experience — Ex*pe ri*ence, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Experienced} ([e^]ks*p[=e] r[i^]*enst); p. pr. & vb. n. {Experiencing} ([e^]ks*p[=e] r[i^]*en*s[i^]ng).] 1. To make practical acquaintance with; to try personally; to prove by use or trial; to have trial of; to …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Experience — Experience  английское слово опыт, а также переживание, впечатление. Experience, или экспириенс, экспа (от английского сокращения слова experience XP (экс пи))  условное обозначение достижений персонажа компьютерных игр, выраженное в… …   Википедия

  • experience — I (background) noun acquaintance, adroitness, apprenticeship, cognizance, competence, competency, cosmopolitanism, education, empiricism, enlightenment, experientia. expertise, expertness, familiarity, instruction, judgment, ken, know how,… …   Law dictionary

  • experience — [ek spir′ē əns, ikspir′ē əns] n. [ME < OFr < L experientia, trial, proof, experiment < experiens, prp. of experiri, to try, test: see PERIL] 1. the act of living through an event or events; personal involvement in or observation of… …   English World dictionary

  • Experience — bezeichnet: Experience (Album), das Debütalbum der englischen Big Beat Band The Prodigy Experience (Fahrgeschäft), ein Looping Hoch Rundfahrgeschäft Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Unterscheidung mehrerer mit d …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”